We developed a model that builds on the strong points of the concept phase from April 2011 till April 2013. This makes distribution easier and reduces the costs.The concept can be explained as follows: lessons on the content of the curriculum of Math, Physics, Biology, Chemistry and English for grade 7 – 12 are pre-recorded in a TV studio in Kabul to then be saved on micro SD cards. The lessons help teachers in the classroom with good content knowledge and inspiring and interactive lesson methodology and at the same time they provide a quality lessons for the students. These SD cards are then distributed to schools where the videos can be displayed by a mobile phone connected to a micro projector.
An mobile learning helpline allows for an interactive Q&A session with the master trainers after each broadcasted lesson. And in the implementation of a competition, which is integrated into the lessons and facilitated through the mobile helpline. The competition encourages active participation and increases motivation. Students and teachers take part in separate competitions.
The teaching model is reinforced by raising awareness about the importance of quality education within the community. This is done by involving community members such as parents, teachers and Mullah in group sessions at school. Next to that, an out-of-school solution has been co-created. The same SD cards as provided for in school use can also be inserted into mobile phones (feature phones such as the Nokia C101). In this way, students can take home these SD cards for self-study. And by using mobile phones, these videos have an even bigger reach as they can be spread amongst community members and out-of-school children.
The success of the project’s first phase, between April 2011 and April 2013, has led to a decrease in student drop out rate, an increase in student test scores and the promotion of teachers to higher grades. Tremendous interest has grown among the Ministry of Education, Provincial Education Department, community members, teachers and students to continue and expand the project.
So far the lessons are recorded in Dari language. The languages of the video lessons will not be only in Dari language in the future, but also in Pashto in order to extend the project to Pashto regions, such as Kandahar. And the English as an additional course are add to the concept to increase job opportunities for girls.
During the upscaling, the aim is to increase the geographic scope of the project and incorporate lessons learned in the first phase. The geographic upscaling requires the recording of Pashto language lessons. Upper secondary grades (10, 11 and 12), where subject matter is even more advanced and challenging to teach, and English lessons will be included as well.